What is management? And what are the principle of management? If you don’t know you must read this article. We share important factor of management and 14 principle of management which are benefits for you.
What is management?
Management is the function of an industrial undertaking which organised, directs and control various activities of the enterprise directed towards specific ends. The objectives of the enterprise are accomplished through the use of resource like men, material, and machines.
The management function of human effort and material resource toward the achievement of organisational Objectives.
Principle of Management
Principle of management implies a list of current management practices.Through F. W. Taylor developed principles of management, credits, to Henry Fayol, a french management theorist for advocating and publicizing certain principles for the soundless and good working of the management.
Henri Fayol listed 14 principles that grew out of his experience they are briefed under.
- Division of Work
- Authority of Responsibility
- Unity of Command
- Unity of Direction
- Subordination of Individuals to General Interest
- Centralization of Authority
- Scalar Chain
- Equity of Treatment
- Esprit de Crops
1. Division of Work
Division of work means dividing the work on the principle that different workers are best fitted for different Jobs depending upon the influences arising from geography, natural conditions, personal aptitude and skills.
Division of work leads to specialization. Concept of division of labour can be applied to all kinds of work, management as well as technical.
2. Authority and Responsibility
Authority and responsibility should go together, hand-to-hand and must be related. An executive can do justice with his responsibility only when he has the proper authority. Responsibility without authority or vice versa is meaningless.
Discipline is absolutely necessary for efficient functioning of all enterprises. Discipline may be described as respect for agreements that are directed at achieving obedience, application and the outward marks of respect.
4. Unity of Command
Unity of command means, employees and should receive order and instructions from one boss only. In other words, a worker should not be under the control of more than one supervisors. Unity of Command avoids confusion, mistakes and delays in getting the work done.
5. Unity of Direction
It is a broader concept than the unity of command. Unity of direction implies that there should be one plan and one head for each group of activities having the same objective. In other words, there should be one common plan for an enterprise as a whole.
6. Subordination of Individuals to General Interest
The interests of an individual person should be permitted to supersede or prevail upon the general interest of the enterprise. This is necessary to maintain unity and to avoid friction among the employees.
Remuneration is the price to the employees for the services rendered by them for the enterprise. Remuneration should be fair and bring maximum satisfaction to both employees and the employers.
8. Centralization of Authority
Centralization of authority means that the authority is in the hands of center i.e., the authority is not dispersed among different sections. In a business organisation, authority should be centralized only to that degree or extent which is essential for the best overall performance.
The degree of centralization is decided by keeping in view the nature, size and complexity of the business.
9. Scalar Chain
Managers may be regarded as a chain of superiors. There should be an unbroken like of authority and command through all levels from the highest to the lowest employee. The chain of superiors should be short-circuited, when following it strictly will be detrimental to performance.
This promotes the idea that everything and everyone has his place in the organisation. Materials and human beings should be arranged such that right materials person is in the right place.
11. Equity of Treatment
Manager should have equality of treatment for all his subordinates. Manger should deal with his subordinates with kindness and justice. This will make employees more loyal and devoted towards the management or enterprise.
Stable and secure work force is an asset to the enterprise, because unnecessary labour turnover is costly. An average employee who stays with the concern is much better then outstanding employees who merely come and go. Instability is the result of bad management.
Initiative is one of the keenest satisfaction for an intelligent employee to experience. Managers should sacrifice their personal vanity in order to permit their subordinates to exercise their own initiative. A manager should encourage his subordinates to take initiative.
14. Esprit de Crops
This principles of management emphasizes the need for team work among the employees and shows the importance of communication is obtaining such team work.
Now, The main characteristics of the management is to integrate and apply the knowledge and analytical approaches developed by numerous other disciplines. Principles of management is actually an executive function which actively directs human efforts towards comman goals.
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