HTML Layout

Creating a Layout of an HTML page

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a markup language used to create the structure of a web page. The layout of an HTML page is created using HTML elements and tags.

Here are some commonly used HTML layout elements:

  1. <html>: This is the root element of an HTML page, and it contains all the other elements of the page.

  2. <head>: This element contains information about the page, such as the title, meta tags, and links to stylesheets and scripts.

  3. <body>: This element contains the content of the page, such as text, images, videos, and other elements.

  4. <header>: This element typically contains the logo, navigation menu, and other elements that appear at the top of the page.

  5. <nav>: This element contains links to different pages or sections of the website.

  6. <main>: This element contains the main content of the page, such as articles, blog posts, or products.

  7. <article>: This element contains a self-contained piece of content, such as a blog post or news article.

  8. <section>: This element groups related content together, such as a group of articles or a series of steps in a tutorial.

  9. <aside>: This element contains content that is related to the main content of the page, but is not essential to it, such as a sidebar or a list of related links.

  10. <footer>: This element contains information about the website, such as copyright information, contact details, and links to social media.

By using these and other HTML layout elements, web developers can create well-organized and visually appealing web pages

How to create a simple web page layout

Step 1: Set up the HTML file

First, create a new HTML file and add the basic structure:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>My Website</title>


Step 2: Add the header

Next, let’s add the header to the web page. We’ll use the <header> element for this, and add a logo and a navigation menu.

<img src="logo.png" alt="My Website Logo">
<li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="#">About</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Contact</a></li>

Step 3: Add the main content

Now we’ll add the main content of the page using the <main> element. We’ll create a section with a heading and some paragraphs of text.

<h1>Welcome to My Website</h1>
<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam at turpis mi. Vivamus in ligula quis nulla dignissim luctus vel vel elit. Praesent faucibus felis nulla, vel eleifend sapien porttitor in. Proin tristique aliquam sem non dictum.</p>
<p>Nullam quis magna nec nisi finibus pellentesque in eu risus. Nullam bibendum posuere dolor ut efficitur. Nam euismod magna at quam ultrices dictum. Fusce eleifend tristique ex, non blandit elit venenatis id. Morbi eu nisl ut velit rhoncus ultricies ut in nisl.</p>

Step 4: Add the sidebar

We can use the <aside> element to create a sidebar with additional content. In this example, we’ll add a list of recent blog posts.

<h2>Recent Posts</h2>
<li><a href="#">Post 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Post 2</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Post 3</a></li>

Step 5: Add the footer

Finally, we’ll add the footer using the <footer> element. We’ll include some copyright information and a link to our social media profiles.

<p>&copy; 2023 My Website</p>
<li><a href="#">Facebook</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Twitter</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Instagram</a></li>

Step 6: Add CSS styles

To make our web page look nice, we can add some CSS styles. Here’s an example:

body {
font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;

header {
background-color: #333;
color: #fff;
padding: 20px;
display: flex;
justify-content: space-between;
align-items: center;

nav ul {
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
display: flex;

nav li {
margin-right: 20px;

nav a {
color: #fff

That’s it! With this basic HTML layout tutorial, you can create a simple web page with a header, main content, and footer. From here, you can add more elements and styles to create more complex layouts.